Anzac Gallipoli Archaeology Database

JHAS: Joint Archaeological-Historical Survey

2010 – 2014

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Despite the enormous amount of research and scholarly interest in the 1915 Gallipoli conflict, the World War 1 Battlefield at Anzac had never been investigated using modern archaeological techniques until the Joint Historical-Archaeological Survey (JHAS). JHAS was the first project to be granted access to study the battlefield and record features and artefacts since the Australian Historical Mission lead by Charles Bean in 1919.[1]

JHAS was formed as a collaborative endeavour, including team members and stakeholders from Australia, New Zealand and Turkey. The project would not have been possible without the collaboration and goodwill between the three nations. The aims of the JHAS expedition were to provide detailed information and assessments of areas of the battlefield that are under increasing pressure from tourism and associated development. In addition, the JHAS project has revealed new information on the construction and remains of the battlefield and provided new insights into the experience of war at Gallipoli in 1915.[2]

The JHAS surveys were conducted during five seasons between 2010 – 2014. Different areas of the main front-line zone along Second Ridge were a primary focus of the surveys. In addition, Anzac and Turkish back of line areas were included especially those adjacent to present day roads, carparks and commemorative sites. The surveys were limited to the Anzac Area, as defined in the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923 which defined the borders of the modern Republic of Turkey. A map indicates the areas and places that were included in the JHAS surveys. No excavation work was carried during the JHAS expeditions. Both extensive and intensive archaeological surveys were conducted, as well as geophysical remote sensing (ground-penetrating radar). All visible features related to the 1915 conflict and significant to both Anzac and Turkish forces were identified and recorded, including trenches, tunnels, dugouts and other earthworks. 1915 artefacts found during the survey were also documented, collected and conserved.

Survey Locations

Details of the survey methodology and results can be found in:

Sagona, A., M. Atabay, C.J. Mackie, I. McGibbon and R. Reid (eds.). 2016. Anzac Battlefield: A Gallipoli Landscape of War and Memory. Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Sagona, A., M. Atabay, R. Reid, I. McGibbon, C.J. Mackie, M. Erat, J. Birkett-Rees. 2011. ‘The ANZAC [Ariburnu] Battlefield: New Perspectives and Methodologies in History and Archaeology.’ Australian Historical Studies 42: 313-336.

More information about the JHAS can be found at the Department of Veterans’ Affairs websites:

Landscape of War Uncovered

Gallipoli Archaeological Study

The Anzac Battlefield Exhibition

An exhibition of a selection of artefacts collected by the JHAS was held at the Shrine of Remembrance in 2015. More details can be found here:  The Anzac Battlefield: landscape of war and memory.

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[1]Bean, C.E.W. 1948. Gallipoli Mission. Canberra: Australian War Memorial.

[2] Evans, T. 2016. “Foreward’ in Sagona, A. et al. (eds.), Anzac Battlefield: A Gallipoli Landscape of War and Memory. Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press: v-vi.

The data and images in the AGAD database are copyright © The department of Veterans' Affairs, Canberra, and are available under a CC-BY 4.0 licence [more information]

Photographs are the work of Antonio Sagona.